Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare autoimmune disorder. ITP is a multicausal disease that can be mainly caused by infection (H. pylori, viral infection), excessive alcohol consumption, drugs like antibiotics, diuretics and can also be inherited genetically. In this case, a 40-year-old male came to the tertiary care hospital with complaints of high-grade fever, upper respiratory tract infection symptoms generalized weakness, and headache. On examination, petechial rashes over the abdomen were observed. Symptoms and blood reports were found to be similar with immune thrombocytopenic purpura. The patient was diagnosed with anemia of infection and inflammation. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is not curable and only symptomatic treatment can be provided. This case report layout an insight of ITP, pathophysiology, and pharmacotherapy in accordance with the hospital guidelines. Early detection of ITP will assist with further complications that are related to ITP.
Keywords: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura, Infection, Antibiotics, Diuretics, Anemia of infection and inflammation.