Study on Prescribing Pattern among the Outpatients with Eczema in the Dermatology Department of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

    Published on:February 2022
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2022; 14(1):106-109
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2022.14.20

    Ahmad Thouseef K H1, Bharath Raj K C1,*, Shricharith Shetty2, Shreyas K1, Sinchana R Shetty1, Nidhi K1

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, NITTE (Deemed to be University),, Deralakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.

    2Department of Dermatology, Justice K.S. Hegde Charitable Hospital, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Deralakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.


    Background: Eczema is a chronic, usual, non-infective inflammatory state characterized by intense pruritis, redness, and swelling. Eczema patients experience mild to severe systemic symptoms such as itching, pain, and sleep disturbances, resulting in a significantly diminished quality of life. Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted for six months to study the prescribing pattern of various drugs in eczema patients in the outpatient department of dermatology. 86 anti-eczema prescriptions were analyzed. Factors considered were age, gender, types of diagnosis, site of the disease, and anti-eczema drugs prescribed. Results: Out of 86 patients, females (53.5%) were more than males (46.5%). The majority of the patients (44.18%) belonged to the age group 21 to 40 years and allergic contact dermatitis was the most common (39.53%) and most commonly affected was lower limb (43.02%). Most drugs prescribed were topical agents (60.38%) when compared to oral drugs (39.62%). Antihistamines (37.68%) were found to be the most commonly prescribed medication class. Levocetirizine (25.60%) was the most common drug prescribed in this study. Most of the prescriptions contained at least two drugs (61.63%). Conclusion: A clinical pharmacist can help improve a patient’s quality of life by assisting with prescription analysis and prescribing patterns. Studies can assist in providing feedback to physicians on current prescribing practices.

    Key words: Prescribing pattern, Anti-eczema drugs, Levocetirizine, Eczema, Dermatology.

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