ABC-VEN Matrix Analysis of the Pharmacy Store in a Secondary Level Health Care Facility in Arbaminch Town, Southern Ethiopia

    Published on:April 2019
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2019; 11(2):182-185
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2019.11.38

    Biruk Wogayehu Taddele1,*, Ayalewu Adinewu Wondimagegn2, Mulugeta Asfaw Asaro2, Mende Mensa Sorato3, Bisrat Gissila Gedayi4, Anidinet Assefa Hailesilase5

    1Department of Pharmacy, Arbaminch College of Health Sciences, Arbaminch City, Southern State, ETHIOPIA.

    2Pharmacy Service, The USAID Global Health Supply Chain Program-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM), Addis Ababa City, ETHIOPIA.

    3Department of Pharmacy, Arbaminch University, Arbaminch Town, ETHIOPIA.

    4Department of Water and Environmental Health, Arbaminch University, ETHIOPIA.

    5Department of Procurement, Pharmaceutical Fund and Supply Agency, Arbaminch City, Southern State, ETHIOPIA


    Objective: This study was aimed to analyze Arbaminch Secondary level Hospital inventories by using ABC-VED matrix analysis and to identify the medicines requiring strict management control. Method: The ABC, VEN and ABC-VEN matrix analysis of the medicines used by Arbaminch Hospital, Arbaminch, Ethiopia for the year 2015-2017. Results: The medicine store inventory of Arbaminch Secondary Level Hospital consisted of a total of 218 products. The total annual drug expenditure of the store on products issued in 2013-2015 was found to be 259049.4 USD. In the year 2015-2017, 15.14%, 22.47% and 62.39% items were placed into A, B and C category medicines respectively, costing to 70.08 %, 19.87% and 10.05 % of drug expenditure. On VED analysis, 31.19%, 67.43% and 1.38% products were placed into the vital, essential and non-essential categories and the hospital had spent 45.05%, 52.62% and 2.33% of drug expenditure respectively. On ABC-VEN reconciliation analysis, 39.91%, 59.17% and 0.92% medicines were in group I, II and III respectively and amounting for 80.86%, 18.79% and 0.35% of drug expenditure respectively. Conclusion: The study showed that medicines belonging to category I need strict inventory control, also medicines belonging to categories II and III which need control by middle and lower managerial level respectively. ABC-VEN techniques should be applied for efficient use of resources and taking away of wastage and out-of-stock in the secondary level health care facility.

    Key words: ABC analysis, ABC-VEN analysis, Pharmacy store, Secondary Level, VED analysis.

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