Effect of Using the Combination of Tween 80 and Ethanol on the Forming and Physical Stability of Microemulsion of Eucalyptus Oil as Antibacterial

    Published on:March 2017
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2017; 9(1s):s1-s4
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2017.1s.1
    Authors:

    Rahmah Elfiyani, Anisa Amalia, Septian Yudi Pratama

    Faculty of Pharmacy and Science, University of Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta, INDONESIA.

    Abstract:

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of increasing concentrations of the combination of tween 80 and ethanol to the formation and stability of the physical properties of eucalyptus oil micro-emulsion. Methods: This oil is formulated into a micro-emulsion by increasing the concentration of the combination of tween 80 and ethanol (1: 1) with various concentrations, ie 40%, 45%, and 50% as a component of surfactant and cosurfactant. The evaluation was done for 8 weeks covering organoleptic test, test phase separation, viscosity test, measurement of pH, density measurements, measurements of surface tension and particle size measurement. Results: The pH of micro-emulsion showed in the range 5.4 to 6.2. Viscosity results obtained viscosity values between 206.2 to 248 cps. Density measurement results were between 0.9839 to 0.9904 g/ml. The results of surface tension measurement results obtained between 35.83 to 37.10 dyne/cm. The results of particle size measurement results obtained from 23.83 to 30.43 nm. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the use of tween 80 and ethanol can form a micro-emulsion system of eucalyptus oil, and with increasing concentrations of the combination of tween 80 and ethanol can increase the stability of the physical properties of the micro-emulsion system.

    Key words: Antibacterial, Ethanol, Eucalyptus oil, Micro-emulsion, Stability of the physical properties, Tween 80.

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